Coffee beans come primarily in two main varieties: Arabica and Robusta. Arabica, known for its delicate flavors and aromas, is the more popular and high-quality choice. It thrives in higher elevations with milder temperatures, producing a nuanced taste profile.
On the other hand, Robusta is recognized for its bold and bitter taste, making it ideal for espresso blends. Often cultivated in lower altitudes, Robusta beans are hardier and more resistant to pests and diseases. These two varieties, with distinct characteristics, play a significant role in shaping the diverse world of coffee.